SHARA CARNEIRO CARDOSO
This paper analyzes the socioeconomic and environmental consequences of the modernization of agricultural practices due to the “Green Revolution”. These changes occurred around the world, mainly in the tropics and subtropics, being implemented in Brazil during the military regime, being the sixties of the last century the great starting point. New methods of planting were implemented through “technological packages”, which in turn, required large investments, as well as a larger infrastructure. However, the use of these techniques caused an impact on various aspects such as economic, social and environmental. Among the major socioeconomic consequences that can be highlighted are, social exclusion generated by the expropriation of small farmers, the replacement of human labor in the field by the use of machines, migration of rural workers to larger cities, dependence on foreign markets as well as the degradation of soil, water and biodiversity destruction. The research has a descriptive character, utilizing a historical view to investigate how the process of implementation of practices related to the Green Revolution in different countries and its impact on the environment, economic and social aspects. The research was based on indirect documentation, being founded on the basis of secondary data using resources such as books, magazines and papers in order to select the data most relevant to the research where the main data sources are the papers of the FAO / UN.
Key – words: green revolution, rural modernization and food production.